Canada Appeal Process
– As Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants, we are authorized to represent individuals who may be inadmissible at immigration proceedings conducted by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) or Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officers or admissibility hearings presided by members of the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB)
– As Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants, we are also authorized to represent individuals detained under IRPA at their detention reviews
– We are also authorized to advise and counsel persons regarding effects and obligations of a removal order;
– We are authorized to advise persons of their rights of Appeals when applicable or their ability to seek judicial review;
– We are authorized to represent persons at their appeal hearings before the Immigration Appeal Division (IAD); and
– We are authorized to research and interpret case precedent decisions by the Federal Court and Supreme Court of Canada.
Who is CBSA?
The CBSA falls under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Public Safety. The CBSA administers more than 90 acts, regulations and international agreements on behalf of other federal departments and agencies, the provinces and the territories.
CBSA is responsible for carrying out enforcement functions related to immigration and refugee matters. These include detentions, removals, investigations, and intelligence and immigration control functions overseas.
Who is the CIC?
CIC falls under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism. The Minister is responsible for the administration of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) and Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR), except where otherwise noted in the IRPA.
CIC has the overall responsibility for immigration and refugee matters. CIC determines claims for refugee protection made abroad at Canadian Embassies and Consulates. It is responsible for selecting immigrants, issuing visitor visas and granting citizenship.
CIC determines the eligibility of all refugee protection claims made in Canada and refers eligible claims to the IRB for a decision.
Who is the IRB?
The IRB is Canada’s largest independent administrative tribunal. It is responsible for making well-reasoned decisions on immigration and refugee matters efficiently, fairly and in accordance with the law.
The IRB decides, among other responsibilities, which needs refugee protection among thousands of claimants who come to Canada annually. These tribunals are independent tribunals. Under the IRPA, the IRB is made up of 4 tribunals:
– Refugee Protection Division
– Refugee Appeal Division
– Immigration Division
– Immigration Appeal Division